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On May 26, 2017, the government of Oyo State formally unveiled the concept design of its proposed industrial park as part of activities to mark the sixth year into the administration. It was christened: TRANSFORMATION INDUSTRIAL PARK.

It was part of a series of inspiring promises made to a team of Chinese investors who visited the state recently. If and when it eventually takes place, the government would have succeded in fulfilling its three fold policy which include; Repositioning, Restoration and Transformation.

 The park according to the Governor will boast of 162 plots of land on the Ibadan-Lagos expressway with the Free Trade Zones located on 4,000 hectares of land. The governor said his administration has attracted 34 new companies in the last six years of his administration and those companies have yielded a turnover of N32 billion and have created over 3,000 jobs. The governor also said that the Industrial Park had been divided into 162 plots of various sizes to accommodate medium and small scale industries.

Unfortunately, like most projects of its nature, policy statements and intentions are never enough to drive the wheel of socio-economic progress. Oftentimes to enrich final implementation, it may be expedient to explore the policy literature with a view to ascertaining whether or not government has a clear understanding of what it wants to do and how to go about the task of doing it in other to generate maximum impacts. It is in this regards that a toothcomb appraisal of the state government industrial park policy vide objectives, implementation framework and historical experience has become evidently necessary.

According to Governor Ajimobi, the state is ready to copy the development model of China which has placed the country (China) among the three leading economies of the world. Eco-Industrial Park is not just about bringing companies together but those companies must be related to each other. Like the waste product of one company will serve as raw materials for another one. That is the purpose, not just bringing companies for economic gains without consideration for environmental sustainability.

We can only hope this project will see make meaningful impact.

With inputs from Development Practitioners at CESDEV

About Author

Anih Ambrose is the Managing Editor of Sustainability Watch Nigeria. He is a Sustainable Development Practitioner. He is very Passionate about Social and Political Sustainability Issues. Ambrose loves reading, travelling and swimming. Follow him on Twitter @able_ebu. Email him at editor@sustainabilitywatchngr.com. call him at +2349061197608

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  • Public Water Samples Show Harmful Germs

    Abuja, Kaduna and Enugu — A Daily Trust independent water investigation reveals germs which are harmful to human health.

    Water samples obtained from different locations in Abuja, Lagos and Kaduna indicated the presence of microbiological organisms that exceeded the maximum permissible level by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Nigerian Standard for Drinking Water Quality (NSDWQ) limits.

    Daily Trust had conducted an analysis of public water from seven states including Enugu, Plateau, Katsina and Kano states at different testing centres.

    Water sample taken from Emeka Anyaoku Street, Area 11, Garki, Abuja on Tuesday, April 4 and tested at the National Water Resources Institute, Kaduna showed "20 cfu/100ml of Thermotolerant Coliform which exceeded the 0cfu/100ml maximum permissible level (mpl) by the WHO and the Nigerian Industrial Standard 554: 2007."

    Thermotolerant Coliform are the commonly used bacterial indicator for sanitary quality of water.

    Also, the Total Coliform in the sample was 37cfu/ml, which exceeded the maximum permissible level of 10cfu/ml by the WHO and NSDWQ.

    The American Public Health Association (19th Edition) was used in the testing while it showed some potential pathogenic (diseases causing) organisms from faecal and environmental origins.

    The analysis signed by the institute's head, Water Supply and Sanitation, Ahmed Salisu Hassan, and analysed by Agboola Irene Omolara, revealed that the values of faecal coliform and total coliforms indicator organisms are above the standard guideline values recommended for drinking water.

    The source of disease causing organisms, according to the analysts, might be the water board treated water; dirty storage tank(s); inappropriate sample collection, sample handling, contaminated sample container; possible insanitary condition of surroundings leaking service pipe(s) and or combination of both.

    According to the Nigerian Industrial Standard (NIS 554:2007) by NSDWQ, the health impact of drinking water that exceeded the maximum limits of Total Coliform Count and Thermotolerant Coliform include, "urinary tract infections, bacteraemia, diarrhoea, (one of the main cause of morbidity and mortality among children), acute renal failure and haemolytic anaemia."


    Dr. J. Abdulrasheed, a medical practitioner in Ilorin, Kwara State, corroborated the provisions of the Nigeria Industrial Standard stated above.

    The result of water sample from Lagos taken from 26, Dairo Street, Ketu, also shows presence of germs, thereby not safe for human consumption.

    "The water sample was found to be acidic. It had high aerobic mesophilic count, Coliform and Escherichia coli," said Martins Etaduovie, the analyst from a private laboratory that conducted the analysis.

    The analysis showed that there were 148CFU/ml counts of aerobic mesophilic organism which exceeded the 102 limit by the NIS 306:2008 for potable water used by the laboratory.

    The Kaduna sample was collected from Babandodo Street, Kakuri, Kaduna South Local Government Area and from the result, the level of Thermotolerant Coliform and Coliform are too numerous to count, making it totally unsafe for human.

    The test which was also carried out at the National Water Institute, Kaduna used the American Public Health Association (19th Edition) in the analysis and indicated total coliforms indicator organisms above the standard guideline recommended for drinking water.

    The results for Abuja and Kaduna, however, showed the colour and appearance are at acceptable level, while the levels of chemical inorganic constituents are also good. The analysis also indicated that the sample had clear appearance, un-objectional colour and lower turbidity characteristics in comparison with the maximum permissible level recommended for drinking water, which signifies the water is aesthetically acceptable.

    Also, the water, according to the analysis, will not lead to wastage of soap during cleansing and scale formation on hot water boilers due to lower concentration of hardness causing substances.

    "The water board treated water will not lead to elevation of blood pressure due to very low concentration of salinity in comparison with the standard guideline value recommended for drinking water," it reads.

    The analysis from Kano and Katsina shows that the water is safe for drinking with the required level of constituents. However, the maximum permitted limits for Thermotolerant Coliform in the results from the two states read 10cfu/100ml instead of the 0cfu/100ml by the WHO and NSDWQ guidelines.


    The Kano sample had 0.2cfu/100ml while Katsina had 0.31cfu/100ml.The sample from Kano, taken from Giginyu, Nasarawa Local Government Area, was submitted to the privately owned laboratory on April 12.

    "Based on the analysis carried out, the result of all the parameters is within the WHO guide limit and the NSDWQ most probable limit. And therefore, the Water is safe for drinking," Ilyasu Rabiu Isihak, the scientific officer of the private laboratory in Shagari Quarters, off Zoo Road, Kano used for the analysis said.

    But the analysis showed that the maximum permissible levels of Thermotolerant Coliform to be 10cfu/100ml instead of 0cfu/100ml as recommended by the WHO and NSDWQ.

    While making clarification via telephone, Mr. Isihak said, "I will wish to correct some writing, the coli (thermotolerant coliform) are unwanted because recent literatures have shown that should be unwanted contrary to what was indicated there," he said.

    He, however, said the water was still safe because, "the Thermotolerant Coliform was 0.2cfu/100ml as the sample from Kano while the sample from Katsina had 0.31cfu/100ml. which is less than 0.5 which is less than one. If you round off the number it is still zero, so the water is still safe for drinking."

    However, the sample from Enugu tested at the Federal Ministry of Water Resources, Zonal Office, Enugu showed that the sample taken from Edinburgh Road, Enugu was safe for drinking.

    The result signed by the laboratory manager, Ogochukwu Ene, said the water was safe for drinking and other domestic or industrial activities.

    The Total Coliform Count, E.coli and Enterococci are all at 0cfu.The sample was taken to the laboratory on April 4 and the result released on April 11.

    The sample collected from British America Junction, off Murtala Mohammed Way, Jos, Plateau State was however free from harmful germs.

    The sample collected on Thursday, April 20 was analysed at the National Water Resources Institute, Kaduna met the WHO and NSDWQ maximum permissible level for all parameters.


    The analyst, Samuel Joyce Yemisi, said the good quality treated water will require pipe leakage surveillance to ensure protection against contaminant flow.

    "The treated water at British America Junction off Murtala Mohammed way is suitable for domestic supply since all the necessary parameters analysed are within the standard guideline recommended for drinking water.

    "However, it is imperative to improve the total residual concentration due to possible pipe(s) leakage, protection against pathogenic contaminants flow and safeguarding health of the teaming population of the area," the report was also signed by the Ahmed Saliu Hassan, the head, Water Supply and Sanitation at the institute.

    Results can't be generalised -FCT water board

    The Director, Federal Capital Territory Water Board, Hudu Bello, said the board did not compromise standard, assuring that the all parameters are verified by professionals at the board before water was dispensed to the residents.

    He said the microbiological organisms might have entered the water sampled while it was been taken at the point or through the container it was taken to the laboratory.

    But Mr. Toyin Ishola, the water engineer, said what should be paramount to the public water handlers should be the safety of the water running at homes and not only at the treatment plants.

    Bello however, said the analysis of the result from a point cannot be generalised on all other service points. "This is just a particular area, this is a localised issue which would not have been there if you had gone back the same day," he said.

    He said it could not have been from the treatment plant and if it was localised, the hygiene of the people around that place might have contributed to it, assuring that there could not have been contamination in other areas. This is a localised post treatment contamination which cannot be said to be true reflection of water from the board.

    The source said the board does not allow any contamination and if any contamination was discovered through analysis, people are stopped from using the water while the board usually supply them water with water tankers until the cause was rectified.

    Original Article at Daily Times Nigeria

  • South Africa: 88 Days of Water in Cape Town Left

    The City of Cape Town on Monday said the city's feeder dams only have enough water for another 88 days.

    The city asked residents to decrease city water usage to 600 million litres per day. Previously the city's target was to have consumption below 700 million litres per day.

    Water consumption in the city increased to 745 million litres from 685 million litres the week before.

    Water and waste services and energy councillor Xanthea Limberg said in the statement it appears residents adjust water consumption according to weather conditions.


    "In other words, they use more water as soon as it heats up, but seemingly also [more] when there is rain," she said.

    "This is not sustainable. We must use water in a consistent manner during this time of crisis."


    In the statement, the city said its dam levels decreased to 23,3%.

    With the last 10% of our dam water mostly being unusable, dam levels are effectively at 13,3%, the city said.

    The city also announced that mayor Patricia de Lille plans to have a water "festival of ideas" in June.

    At the festival suppliers of large, utility-scale water supply and water saving equipment can share their ideas and offerings with city officials, the city said.

    Original article at newswire24.com

  • Africa: Egyptian Minister to Discuss River Nile With Museveni

    Egyptian foreign minister, Sameh Shoukry is to meet Ugandan President, Yoweri Museveni to discuss management of the R.Nile waters.

    According to a brief statement released by the Egyptian foreign ministry, Shoukry will deliver a letter to the president from his Egyptian counterpart, Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi, on dealing with water-security issues and the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI).

    The meeting is also aimed at boosting bilateral cooperation between Uganda and other countries within Nile Basin. In March, Mohammed Abdel-Atti, Egypt's minister of Water Resources and Irrigation attended the extraordinary Nile Council of Ministers (Nile-Com) where Egypt's demand for greater control of activities related to the flow of the river Nile were rejected.


    Sam Cheptoris, the Nile-Com chairman, also Uganda's minister of Water and Environment, told journalists after the meeting that all the countries have equal rights over the water under the Co-operative Framework Agreement (CFA).

    "We have rejected demands by the Egyptian government to take full control of the Nile's water. The other countries also have a say on how the water is used, as they have growing populations that need to use the water as much as the Egyptians," said Cheptoris.

    Egyptian officials took note of the report by Nile-Com and asked for more time to study, consult and report back their formal position. The March meeting was to facilitate Egypt's resumption to fully participate in NBI activities after being out for six years.


    In 2010, it froze its operations in NBI after six out of 10 upstream states signed a Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA) to seek more water from the River Nile -- a move it strongly objected.

    Six Nile Basin countries; Ethiopia, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda formed the Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA) but Egypt and Sudan declined to sign.


    They argued that although the CFA (also known as Entebbe Agreement) sets out principles and obligations of member states regarding use of the basin's water resources, only they (Egypt and Sudan) had the historic water-sharing pacts.

    In 1929, Britain and Egypt signed a treaty where upstream countries were required to ask for permission before undertaking any development on the Nile waters.


    The Nile Basin Initiative has ten permanent members -- Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Eritrea has observer status.

    Egypt's concern mainly stems from Ethiopia's construction of the Grand Renaissance Dam, which it estimates will drastically reduce the amount of water that flows downstream to Egypt. Once complete, the Grand Ethiopian dam will be Africa's biggest hydroelectric source.

    Earlier this year during the three-day state visit of Hailemariam Desalegn, the Ethiopian prime minister, president Museveni suggested that a Summit of Heads of State will be considered to address the River Nile waters issue.

    He observed that the disagreement between Egypt and other nations on the River Nile was either due to misinformation or not enough discussion. It's expected that the Shoukry-Museveni meet will mainly be about how to solve the chaos around the Nile waters.


  • Egypt Should Join the Consensus On Shared Use of Nile Waters

    There are eleven countries that have a legitimate claim to the waters of River Nile, namely Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, DR Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt. The first nine are the riparian countries, which generate the waters flowing along this ancient river, whose source for thousands of years remained a mystery. The Sudan and Egypt are the countries that benefit most from the Nile.


    To Egypt, in particular, the Nile is its life blood. Without it, Egypt would be a barren and desolate desert. It is not surprising that it has "threatened to go to war" if its entitlement to 85 per cent of the Nile waters, as per 1929 and 1952 colonial agreements with Britain, was tampered with or varied in any way.

    In accordance with the agreements, Egypt was given what was tantamount to "veto powers" over developments along the Nile by the riparian states, so as to ensure that the volume of water going to Egypt remains the same.

    The situation has become untenable for these upstream states who rightly felt that these were unfair agreements which tied their hands over a natural resource over which they had an equal right; Egypt's special needs not with-standing. Like Egypt they had needs for hydro-electric dams, water for irrigation, domestic and industrial usage. The bone of contention now is striking a balance between competing interests.


    This can only be addressed through a new agreement between all states. The Co-operative Framework Agreement (CFA), which sought to replace the colonial agreements, was a step in the right direction but Egypt has not signed it even though others did. Unless Egypt agrees to a negotiated approach, the alternative will be unilateral actions like Ethiopia's decision to build a 6,000 megawatts dam, without first consulting Egypt.

    Mr Frederic Musisi in a recent special report on CFA, published in Daily Monitor, observed that, according to experts, the massive dam did not affect volume of water flowing through the Blue Nile to Sudan and Egypt. It was wise for Egypt to 'retreat' from its threat to blow up the dam during construction, a decision which would have had catastrophic consequences beyond Ethiopia and Egypt, and most likely engulf the region.


    Egypt knows that such an adventure would have been seen as a declaration of war on all countries upstream, and would definitely avoid taking that path.


    It is high time it realises that the dynamics have changed over the years as the populations have more than quadrupled in most Nile Basin countries.

    Ethiopia has a population of 100 million, making it the second most populous country in Africa (after Nigeria), Egypt has 90 million, Uganda 38 million, Kenya 48 million, Tanzania 51 million.

    Population growth has adversely impacted on the climate at a time when demand for water for agriculture, power generation, domestic use and industries has increased exponentially in all countries, Egypt included.


    The problem is that population is set to almost double over 50 years in most of Nile Basin countries, further exasperating the water situation.

    All the countries must address environmental degradation, whose impact on rainfall is already beginning to show. It is in Egypt's interest and countries of the Nile Basin to invest in reversal of this dangerous phenomenon, which threatens to spread the Sahara Desert down south.

    Only through collective action can we save the Nile from 'drying up' and ensure that there is enough water for both down-stream and up-stream countries. Bickering over 'ancient' rights will do us no good.

    Ambassador Naggaga is an economist, administrator and retired Ambassador.

    Original article at The Monitor

  • What's Killing Zimbabwe's Hippos?

    GOVERNMENT has launched an investigation into a suspected poisoning of hippos in Binga close to the Zambezi River.

    Environment, Water and Climate Minister Oppah Muchinguri-Kashiri confirmed the development last week.

    Reports suggest that at least eight hippos were killed in a fortnight.


    There are also indications that some villagers were eating the poisoned hippos, exposing themselves to danger.

    Speaking to journalists in Harare last week, Minister Muchinguri-Kashiri said investigations were in progress to establish what was killing the mammals.

    "Well, I heard about it that eight hippos were found dead, which is regrettable especially(at) this time of the year when our farmers are engaging in quite a number of agricultural activities.

    "And maybe because of lack of knowledge, they are using chemicals, either to make sure they address the issue of weeds and also even to spray the worms in order to save crops.


    "Without that study and knowledge to establish how much damage it has on fauna and flora, our wildlife becomes vulnerable in the process. So whatever that is put on the ground, ends up in our water. It affects our fish, our crocodiles, our hippos and we are seeing that this is a feature that we ignored in the past," she said.


    Minister Muchinguri-Kashiri said the loss of the hippos follow the poisoning of elephants last year in Kariba and Hwange National Park.

    She said awareness programmes by the Environmental Management Agency will help address the problem.

    "We know we have lost some elephants due to poisoning in Kariba and EMA has a package of awareness programmes with messages to make sure that we educate the nation.

    "But this new feature has just come up. We had not experienced that in our rivers and we are taking this seriously.


    "Now we need to evaluate which type of chemicals they are. EMA is seized with the matter and once we establish the type of chemicals being used, we can map the way forward," she said.

    Minister Muchinguri-Kashiri bemoaned the illegal importation of toxic chemicals.

    "There are certain chemicals that were banned in Zimbabwe but they are still finding their way into the country through illegal means. This is a security matter because we register all toxic or hazardous chemicals that come into the country. It could be that this escaped us. We need to find out first. So the research is being done because we want to put the right messages out there. The scientists and those that are qualified to do so should advise us," she said.


    Oriinal article at The Herald

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